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Understanding Second Degree Burn Blister

Second-degree burns are a more serious type of burn that goes deep beyond the top layer of the skin.

When this type of burn occurs, it causes blisters to form on the skin which is small collections of fluid that become red and sore.

Although it is not advisable to pop blisters because open blisters can easily be infected.

These blisters may pop and break open on their own and result in a pale, wet, or weeping burn appearance.

When this occurs, it is recommended to immediately clean and bandage the burn area.

Does A Second Degree Burn Blister Right Away

A second-degree burn is also known as a partial thickness burn, it is a more serious type of burn that involves the top two layers of the skin.

When this type of burn occurs, it goes beyond the top layer of the skin, this may cause the burns to form painful blisters with yellowish discharge that become a sore.

This type of burn can either be a minor or major type burn. It occurs anywhere over major joints or on areas such as the face, hands, feet, and groin.

A good example of this type of burn includes a scald burn that forms blisters right away.

This second-degree type of burn usually has a delicate nature of wounds that can easily become infected.

Sometimes the burned area may eventually become darker or lighter in color and leave a scar.

Some second-degree burns are worse than others and may take longer to heal.

How Long Do Second Degree Burn Blisters Last

Second-degree burn blisters heal in two to three weeks as long as the wound is kept clean and free from infections.

However sometimes the severity of each burn varies and it may last for more than three weeks, some may permanently leave scars.

Burn pain is often intense and prolonged, this makes it susceptible to arising complications.

This is why it is advisable to seek immediate treatment for a burn as this can sometimes lead to a serious and life-threatening health issue.

Nonetheless, here are some things you can do immediately after a second-degree burn;

Get all affected persons far away from the cause of the burn.

If the burn occurred as a result of electrical appliances, keep them switched off before moving close to the affected persons.

Check and confirm all breathing patterns.

If there is a slight, abnormal change in breathing, you can perform a mouth-to-mouth resuscitation technique. However, this should be done only if you know-how.

Take off anything on them that may hinder movements such as jewelry or belts  

Cover the burn with a clean and slightly wet washcloth. Avoid putting or drenching burns in water as this can lead to hypothermia

If possible, keep all burn areas raised above heart levels

Keep a keen eye out for signs of shock including shallow breathing, dizziness, fainting, or lightheadedness.

If any of this arises, do not move them but gently raise their feet and legs. Should nausea and vomiting occur, turn them on their side

Does A Second Degree Burn Have Blisters

Second-degree burns range from minor to major burns. A minor burn might develop with mild symptoms which will often include a blister.

Major second-degree burns are more serious and go deep into the layers of the skin.

This can also lead to blisters, small collections of fluid that cover the dead layers of the skin, the skin under the blisters is usually weepy, wet, pink, and painful.

Blisters may be tiny or large and develop soon after the burn injury. 

This second-degree burn is further divided into two categories based on the severity and depth of the burn;

Superficial Second Degree Burns

This is a typical case of second-degree burns that do not require a surgical procedure for treatment.

They heal on their own within one to three weeks and mostly require conservative care as treatment.

The new layer of skin epidermis grows within this one to three weeks. Adequate and proper care and attention including daily bandage wound changes are necessary.

Deep Second Degree Burns

These are usually pale with a drier skin sensation. Not all burns require surgery but some cases of a deep second-degree burn might need a surgical procedure of skin grafting after a few days of close observation.

However, a conservative Treatment approach would first be tried to allow wounds to heal. Afterward, if there is no improvement, surgery will be considered.

What Do You Do To A Popped Second Degree Burn Blister

It is not advisable that you pop blisters that develop on your skin after a burn, this is to avoid infections as the affected area is left open.

However, If your burn blister breaks open, the first thing to do is to;

Carefully clean the popped blister area and apply an antibiotic ointment. Afterward, you should cover the affected area with a non-stick sterile bandage.

You can also avoid breaking or popping the burn blister by performing these simple first aid procedures;

First, remember the three C’s

  • Calm
  • Stay calm
  • Clothing

Remove all clothing affected by the burn, including those that are around and not stuck to the burn area.

You should also take away all clothing drenched in chemicals if it is a chemical burn.

Cooling

Gently cool the burned area with a clean cloth soaked in cool water. Do not use cold water.

You can also;

Wrap the burned area lightly in a sterile non-stick gauze bandage. Do not use bandages made with fibers that shed as they can get stuck in between burns

Use an over-the-counter pain medication such as aspirin or ibuprofen to relieve pain.

To avoid infections, do not burst or pop blisters.

Gently apply a thin layer of ointment to the burn, ointment does not necessarily need to contain antibiotics. Simple petroleum jelly or aloe Vera is sufficient.

When taking a bath, carefully clean the burn with a non-perfumed soap and cool water.

How To Prevent Second Degree Burn Blister From Infection

For some second-degree burn blisters, a home remedy treatment is all that is needed for healing and prevention of infections. This includes;

Clean the burn

Always wash your hands well before cleaning or touching a burn.

Refrain from touching your burns with dirty hands or surfaces because open blisters can easily get infected.

Gently wash the affected area with clean water, although some parts of the burn might come off during this process.

Afterward, pat the area dry with a clean cloth or non-stick gauze

While cleaning the burn, be careful not to break the blisters.

Bandage The Burn

A bandage may not be needed if the burned skin or blister is not yet broken.

However, you can apply a bandage if the burn or blister is likely to become dirty, irritated, and infected from continuous contact.

If you notice broken or popped blisters, apply a bandage. Use a clean bandage and change it when it becomes wet or soiled.

If the bandage gets stuck to the burn, soak it in warm water for easy removal. Use a non-stick and sterile dressing and always read the product label for proper use.

Loosely wrap the burn to avoid putting pressure on the affected area

Do not tape bandages so that it goes round in circles around the leg, arm, or hand. This can lead to swelling.

Second-degree burns are not always severe, if you have a minor second-degree burn that blisters, you can treat it yourself.

Refrain from popping blisters as this can increase the risk of developing an infection.

However, if you have a more severe type of burn or you notice an infection, contact your physician or health care center immediately.

References:

UC San Diego Health: About Burns

Healthline: Should You Pop A Burn Blister

MedlinePlus: Burns

Healthline: Burns; Types, Treatment And More

WebMD: Burns

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