Healing burn blisters can be painful as the effect of the heat could damage some parts of your skin cells.
However, taking a few steps can help you track the stages of your burn blisters and fasten the healing process.
It is, therefore, important to know what to expect as your burns heal and how to reduce the pains while you heal.
What Are The Healing Stages Of A Burn Blister?
The healing stages make up three phases; within this period, white blood cells attack the bacteria, and a new layer of skin grows to replace the damaged one.
1. Inflammatory phase
This phase is the body’s immune response to the burn, and it occurs immediately after the burn.
In acute burn, this phase lasts for five to seven days. This phase removes the injury’s agents and prepares the burns for healing.
The burns fill up with blood and seal off the wound, allowing the areas to be closed.
The next part is where the blood vessels would bring more cells into the room, and phagocytes engulf dead cells and microorganisms present, allowing the next healing phase to begin.
2. The proliferative phase
The proliferative phase is where granular tissues are formed. These granular tissues form because of fibroblasts that encourage new blood vessels to grow into the space. This allows new epithelial cells to create along the edges of the burns.
Subsequently, the fibroblast allows new collagen and extracellular matrix to give a suitable scaffold for new tissues to form.
3. The remodelling phase
The remodeling phase begins, and the granular tissues become scar tissues. The scar tissue becomes avascular, which means it loses its blood supply, this collagen will retract, then finally, the blisters will heal.
The scar will fade away, causing the tissues to go back to their original form.
How Long Do Burn Blisters Take To Heal?
Blisters are fluid-filled swellings that surface at the top layer of the skin because of friction, extreme heat, or burn.
In cases of burn blisters, they occur from a thermal burn or excessive heat. This heat could be from diverse ways like a burn, scald, hot liquid, steam, or fire.
There are several types of blisters depending on the severity of the burn; the time it takes your blisters to heal depends on the severity of your burn.
Blisters from first-degree burns usually take a few days to heal, averagely within seven days, as the burns only damage the upper part of the skin layer, which is the epidermis.
For your blisters to heal, it means all the layers beneath have been recovered, and the epidermis has been replaced.
In most cases, blisters from a first-degree burn do not need medical attention before they heal completely.
By keeping the environment of the blisters sterile, with the right amount of care, your blisters should heal within a week or two maximum.
Second-degree burn blisters usually affect a larger surface area or more than the epidermal layer.
They extend to the dermal layer of the skin and would usually take longer to heal. Second-degree burns blisters and further divided into two types: superficial second-degree burns and deeper second-degree burns.
External second-degree burns typically heal within one to three weeks with no surgery.
They heal with conservative care, topical medications, and daily change in bandage routine. With the right amount of care, superficial second-degree burns will heal entirely at a maximum of three weeks.
However, the deeper second-degree burns are much more severe, requiring surgery to recover.
If topical medications do not cure the wound, skin grafting surgery will be needed to heal the damages done on the skin.
Third-degree burns are the highest level of blisters. The skin appears pale pink, white, red or tanned and discolored.
This type of burn sometimes does not cause pain as much because it has damaged nerve endings alongside the skin layers.
Third-degree burns cannot heal with skin grafting surgery, topical medications have little to no effect on them, and they usually take months to heal.
Also, note that the healing time of all degrees of burns may depend on the areas affected.
Why Do Burn Blisters Take So Long To Heal?
If your blisters are taking so long to heal, it could be due to you popping your blisters, the level of burns, and complications from bacterial or viral infections.
White blood cells appear beneath the blisters formed to attack bacteria and help new layers grow for your burns to heal. Any of the factors mentioned above could delay this process.
Health experts strongly advise against the popping of your blisters, as the act is not in any way helpful for your healing process. Popping your blisters is one reason your blisters can take longer to heal.
It increases the likelihood of germs getting into your wound and exposes you to various infections.
The primary reason your body forms these blisters is to help faster your healing process; popping them is simply hindering your healing.
Taking extra care of your blisters is also another way to aid your healing process.
If your blisters take so long to heal, it could also be because you’re not taking care of your blisters.
There are essential home remedies and care you can give to your blisters to help them heal faster. Some of them include:
- Using antibiotic ointments, aloe Vera, honey or petroleum jelly.
- Some over-the-counter pain relievers and medications.
- Cool compressions
Another reason your blisters can take a longer time to heal is if too many layers were burned, causing regeneration to take longer than usual.
If the degree of your burns is severe, naturally, it would take a longer time to heal.
Do not rush the process; visit your physician to get the proper medical care.
How To Make Your Burn Blisters Heal Faster
Depending on how severe your burn is, it might be possible to treat it at home and follow some essential remedies for a faster healing process.
However, it would help if you always remembered that more severe burns would require professional and medical attention.
To help you heal faster, you can cool the burn subsequently with cool water or Lukewarm water, either by running it through a tap or gently pouring the water on it. Do not use iced water.
Add some antibiotic ointments to avoid infections and cover the burn in clean plastic wraps or dress clothes.
Using over-the-counter medications will help reduce the pains, but ensure that you speak to a pharmacist before taking the drugs.
This is to be sure the drugs you’re using are completely safe for you. Other home remedies for your blisters are:
Studies have shown that aloe Vera is accommodating in treating second-degree burns.
It has anti-inflammatory properties that promote circulation and act as an agent that inhibits the growth of bacteria.
You can apply some amount of pure aloe vera gel to the surface of your burns.
Do not use ready-made products that are mixed with unnecessary additives and colourings.
Honey is also famous for its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties.
When used to dress wounds or burns, it has an effect that promotes rapid and improved healing.
Using honey will help improve wound healing and also relieve pains from your burns.
Avoid exposing the surface area to the sun
Try your best to avoid exposing the burnt surface area to too much sun.
You can do that by covering it well with clean, sterile bandages or delicate pieces of Clothing occasionally.
Do not pop your blisters
Popping your blisters will slow down your healing process. No matter how much it itches you to, do not pop those blisters.
Give it time to heal naturally. If it’s taking too long to heal, seek medical attention.
It is essential to know the right time to visit the physician, especially when your blisters cannot recover on time. See your physician if you’re experiencing any of;
- A burn affecting a general area is more significant than your palms burns in the face, legs, arms, thighs and foot.
- Blisters filling with pus and blood
- Smelly and painful wound
- Increase in body temperature
No matter how severe your burns are, they will heal with time as long as you follow the right measure and stay away from activities that can cause infections.
If your burn is extensive and goes too deep, it can also repair through the aid of skin grafting. It will heal; however, it will take more time than a mild case would.